The building of Kazan Branch of Academy of Science USSR was founded during the Great Patriotic War. In that years Kazan scientists and evacuated scientists of USSR Academy of Sciences conducted together their researches.
The Kazan Branch is established in 13 April 1945 by academician of RAS A.E. Arbuzov.
In the beginning the Kazan Branch includes six institutes (Chemistry, Physics and Technology, Biology, Geology, Institute of Language, Literature and History, Department of Energy and water management problems) and the Scientific Library.
The Kazan Branch is located in the Kseninskaya women’s gymnasium (architectural monument, built in 1839 by architect F.I.Petondi).
In January 1990 the Kazan Branch is reformed into the Kazan Scientific Centre of USSR Academy of Science, and in January 1992 – into Kazan Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (KazanSC of RAS).
The initial structure of KFAN USSR is formatted by A.E. Arbuzov and includes the Physical-Technical Institute, the Institute of Chemistry, the Institute of Geology, the Institute of Biology, the Institute of Language, Literature and History, Department of Energy and Water management problems, the Department of Scientific and Technical propaganda.
The research areas of institutes are relevant to the Volga region.
Activities of KBAS USSR was stopped in 1963 and renewed in 1972 after the completion of the reform of high school and the Academy of Sciences. The Chairman of renewed KBAS USSR was M.M.Zaripov. It includes the Kazan E.K. Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute, A.E. Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry, Kazan Institute of Biology, G. Ibragimov Institute of Language, Literature and History.
In 1982 the Chairman of KBAS USSR was P.A. Kirpichnikov. He promoted the strengthened scientific cooperation with university science and developed the department of scientific service and social services. In those years a new house was built for scientists of institutes.
In 1990 under the guidance of V.E. Alemasov the Kazan Scientific Center was becoming as the Regional Scientific Center. Presidium of KazanSC of RAS was actively involved in the establishment of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences.
As independent institution the Institute of Mechanics and Engineering and The Energy Department were allocated from Kazan Physical-Technical Institute. The new scientific support departments were founded: Department of Patent and Department of Economics. The newspaper “Science” was published and a house was built for young scientists.
The early 1990 were complicated times (Perestroika), but the new Chairman of KazanSC of RAS (I.A. Tarchevsky) managed to save all institutes, formed scientific schools and highly qualified scientists.
In that time presidium of KazanSC of RAS was implementing the new form of development and working closely with Tatarstan Academy of Sciences.
In 1993 Institute of Language, Literature and History was allocated from KazanSC of RAS and became a part of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. It began the creation of a single telecommunications network of KazanSc of RAS.
The interdisciplinary investigations was occurred when the Chairman of KazanSC of RAS was A.I. Konovalova. The most of researches focused on the needs of Tatarstan Republic and had practice of performance.
Presidium of KazanSC of RAS successfully cooperated with government of Tatarstan Republic, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, industry research institutes, companies and universities of Kazan. KazanSC of RAS coordinated the research activities in Tatarstan.
In that time was created the Information Technology Division and implemented a project to create a scientific and educational computer network of scientific and educational organizations of Tatarstan Republic «SENet-Tatarstan».
In 2008 A.I. Konovalov offered to be elected as the new Chairman of KazanSc of RAS academician, doctor of chemical sciences O.G. Sinyashin, who grow up as scientist in A.E. Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry